Tag Archives: Programming

ATtiny/ATmega programming shield

I recently discovered a nicely made Arduino shield for programming Amtel microcontrollers, which was designed by Jeff Murchison. Jeff is sellling the shields on Tindie. Unfortunately, the shield was out of stock at the time of writing. Thus, I dowloaded his fritzing project files from github and ordered a PCB at fritzing.org. It saved me of going through the hassle with German customs as well, since Jeff’s shields are shipping from Canada.

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Dynamic webcam control using (py)ephem

Time-dependent webcam control

For taking still images with a webcam looking outside my sleeping room window, I’ve attached a Logitech C510 to my RasPi. At first, I used the fswebcam program to acquire still images, which can be easily configured using a fswebcam.conf file as follows:

quiet device v4l2:/dev/video0
input 0
skip 50
palette MJPEG
resolution 1600x1200
set "White Balance Temperature, Auto"=1
set "Exposure, Auto"=3
set "Backlight Compensation"=1
#set "sharpness"=100
#set "gain"=0%
#set "exposure"=1
#set "brightness"=35%
#set "contrast"=10%
#set "saturation"=60
#set hue=10
#font /usr/share/fonts/truetype/msttcorefonts/arial.ttf
title "RasPi-Cam"
timestamp "%d-%m-%Y %H:%M:%S (%Z)"
jpeg 50
save /var/www/data/snaps/snap.jpg

Some settings required careful tweaking, since most webcams are optimized for indoor use. Although the settings above resulted in pictures of reasonable quality, I noticed that they were pretty much overexposed on bright sunny days. And they were far too dark at night. It turned out that the auto exposure function of my webcam is unable to deal with changing light conditions.

Therefore I did some research on how to change the settings dynamically, depending on time of day. It turned out to be a simple task using some python scripting.